|  e-ISSN: 2791-7169

Original article | Journal of Biometry Studies 2021, Vol. 1(2) 49-57

A preliminary study of length-weight relationship (LWR) and condition factor of Pagellus erythrinus from Gökçeada Island, northern Aegean Sea (Turkey)

Semih KALE, Deniz ACARLI, Kamil ÇAKIR

pp. 49 - 57   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/JofBS.2021.349.03   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2112-06-0006.R1

Published online: December 30, 2021  |   Number of Views: 61  |  Number of Download: 172


Abstract

The aim of the present study was to estimate the length-weight relationship and to determine the condition factors of the common pandora (Pagellus erythrinus Linnaeus, 1758) from Gökçeada Island, the northern Aegean Sea in Turkish coasts. Totally 30 specimens of P. erythrinus which are considered as bycatch were sampled by a commercial trawl in the northern Aegean Sea. Total length values of the sampled individuals ranged between 13.60 cm and 18.70 cm in total length and weight values ranged between 28.58 g and 90.04 g. The length-weight relationship of P. erythrinus was estimated as W=0.0062L³.²⁵⁸¹ (R²=0.94). The length-weight relationship was highly significant (p<0.0001). Fulton’s condition factor ranged between 1.08 and 1.56 with a mean of 1.26 (SE: ±0.02). The relative condition factor ranged between 0.86 and 1.26 with a mean of 1.01 (SE: ±0.02). P. erythrinus exhibited a positive allometric growth and the results of Fulton’s condition factor and the relative condition factor indicate the well-being of specimens in the study area. Knowledge of the distribution of exploited stocks is important for the appropriate management of fisheries resources. Therefore, the relationships between the length and weight of fish populations should be investigated and updated regularly. This study provides significant information on the length- weigh relationship and condition factors of P. erythrinus for fisheries managers and policymakers. Responsible authorities should consider the findings of the present study for sustainable fisheries management. 

Keywords: LWR, Trawl, Bycatch, Condition factor, Common pandora


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
KALE, S., ACARLI, D. & CAKIR, K. (2021). A preliminary study of length-weight relationship (LWR) and condition factor of Pagellus erythrinus from Gökçeada Island, northern Aegean Sea (Turkey) . Journal of Biometry Studies, 1(2), 49-57. doi: 10.29329/JofBS.2021.349.03

Harvard
KALE, S., ACARLI, D. and CAKIR, K. (2021). A preliminary study of length-weight relationship (LWR) and condition factor of Pagellus erythrinus from Gökçeada Island, northern Aegean Sea (Turkey) . Journal of Biometry Studies, 1(2), pp. 49-57.

Chicago 16th edition
KALE, Semih, Deniz ACARLI and Kamil CAKIR (2021). "A preliminary study of length-weight relationship (LWR) and condition factor of Pagellus erythrinus from Gökçeada Island, northern Aegean Sea (Turkey) ". Journal of Biometry Studies 1 (2):49-57. doi:10.29329/JofBS.2021.349.03.

References

    Abdallah, M. (2002). Length-weight relationship of fishes caught by trawl off Alexandria, Egypt. Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly, 25(1), 19-20.

    Acarli, D., Kara, A., & Bayhan, B. (2014). Length-weight relations for 29 fish species from Homa Lagoon, Aegean Sea, Turkey. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 44(3), 249-257. https://doi.org/10.3750/AIP2014.44.3.09

    Adamidou, A., Pardalou, A., & Tsikliras, A. C. (2020). Length-weight relationships of 31 fish and invertebrate species in the Northern Aegean Sea (Eastern Mediterranean Sea). Thalassas, 36, 303-307. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41208-020-00207-x

    Akalın, S., İlhan, D., & Özaydın, O. (2015). Length-weight relationships for 30 demersal fish species from Çandarlı Bay (North Aegean Sea, Turkey). Croatian Journal of Fisheries, 73, 73-76. https://doi.org/10.14798/73.2.822

    Akyol, O., Kınacıgil, H. T., & Şevik, R. (2007). Longline fishery and length-weight relationships for selected fish species in Gökova Bay (Aegean Sea, Turkey) International Journal Natural and Engineering, 1(1), 1-4.

    Ali Ben Smida, M., Hadhri,N., Bolje, A., El Cafsi, M., & Fehri-Bedoui, R. (2014). Reproductive cycle and size at first sexual maturity of common pandora Pagellus erythrinus (Sparidae) from the Bay of Monastir (Tunisia, central Mediterranean). Annales, Series Historia Naturalis, 24, 31-40.

    Altin, A., Ayyildiz, H., Kale, S., & Alver, C. (2015). Length-weight relationships of forty-nine fish species from shallow waters of Gokceada Island, northern Aegean Sea. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 39(5), 971-975. https://doi.org/10.3906/zoo-1412-15

    Al-Zahaby, A., Wadie, W., El-Serafy, S., & Rizkalla, S. (1994). Age and growth of red pandora Pagellus erythrinus L. (Family: Sparidea) in the Egyptian Mediterranean waters. Journal of Kauai Marine Science, 7, 161-168.

    Andaloro, F., & Giarrita, P. S. (1985). Contribution to the knowledge of the age, growth and feeding of pandora, Pagellus erythrinus (L., 1758) in the Sicilian Channel. FAO Fisheries Report, 336, 35-87.

    Anene, A. (2005). Condition factor of four Cichlid species of a man-made lake in Imo State, Southeastern Nigeria. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 5, 43-47.

    Ayyildiz, H., & Altin, A. (2018). Age and growth rates at the early life stages of common pandora (Pagellus erythrinus) based on analysis of otolith microstructure. Fishery Bulletin, 116(2), 183-189. https://doi.org/10.7755/FB.116.2.7

    Ayyildiz, H., Altin, A., & Kızılkaya, B. (2019). Age and growth of common pandora, Pagellus erythrinus (Perciformes; Sparidae) from the Gökçeada Island, North Aegean Sea. Research in Marine Sciences, 4(4), 587-598.

    Babaoğlu A. Ö., Bayhan, B., Kara, A., & Acarlı, D. (2021). Length-weight relationships for 57 fish species of Bakircay River Estuary in Candarli Bay. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 30(12), 13339-13342.

    Bauchot, M.-L., & Hureau, J.-C. (1986). Sparidae. In P. J. P. Whitehead, M. L. Bauchot, J. C. Hureau, J. Nielsen, & E. Tortonese (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Volume 2 (pp. 883-907). UNESCO.

    Berber, S., Akhan, S., Bektaş, Y., & Kalaycı, G. (2020). Meat yield and length-weight relationship of freshwater crayfish (Pontastacus leptodactylus (Eschscholtz, 1823)) population in nine different inland water resources in Turkey. Acta Natura et Scientia, 1(1), 82-95. https://doi.org/10.29329/actanatsci.2021.350.10

    Bertrand, J., Gil de Sola, L., Papaconstantinou, C., Relini, G., & Souplet, A. (1997). An international bottom trawl survey in the Mediterranean: the MEDITS programme, ICES CM 1997/Y:03.

    Beverton, R. J. H., & Holt, S. J. (1956). A review of methods for estimating mortality rates in exploited fish populations, with special reference to sources of bias in catch sampling. Rapports et Procès-Verbaux des Réunions, 140, 67-83.

    Bilge, G., Yapıcı, S., Filiz, H., & Cerim, H. (2014). Weight-length relations for 103 fish species from the southern Aegean Sea, Turkey. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 44(3), 263-269 https://doi.org/10.3750/AIP2014.44.3.11

    Busalacchi, B., Bottari, T., Giordano, D., Profeta, A., & Rinelli, P. (2014). Distribution and biological features of the common pandora, Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758), in the southern Tyrrhenian Sea (Central Mediterranean). Helgoland Marine Research, 68, 491-501. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-014-0404-5

    Cengiz, O. (2013). Length-weight relationships of 22 fish species from the Gallipoli Peninsula and Dardanelles (northeastern Mediterranean, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 37(4), 419-422. https://doi.org/10.3906/zoo-1209-30

    Cengiz, Ö. (2021a). Length-weight relationships of four Symphodus species (Perciformes: Labridae) off Gökçeada Island (Northern Aegean Sea, Turkey). Acta Natura et Scientia, 2(2), 159-165. https://doi.org/10.29329/actanatsci.2021.350.10

    Cengiz, Ö. (2021b). Weight-length relationship and maximum length record of black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus Linnaeus, 1758) for entire Aegean Sea and Turkish Waters. Research in Marine Sciences, 6(3), 992-1004.

    Cengiz, Ö., & Paruğ, Ş. (2021). Growth parameters of blotched picarel (Spicara maena Linnaeus, 1758) from Saros Bay (Northern Aegean Sea, Turkey). Acta Natura et Scientia, 2(1), 40-48. https://doi.org/10.29329/actanatsci.2021.314.7

    Ceyhan, T., Akyol, O., & Erdem, M. (2009). Length-weight relationships of fishes from Gökova Bay, Turkey Aegean Sea. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 33, 69-72. https://doi.org/10.3906/zoo-0802-9

    Cicek, E., Avsar, D., Yeldan, H., & Ozutok, M. (2006). Length-weight relationships for 31 teleost fishes caught by bottom trawl net in the Babadillimani Bight northeastern Mediterranean. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22(4), 290-292. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00755.x

    Coelho, R., Bentes, L., Correia, C., Gonçalves, J. M. S., Lino, P. G., Monteiro, P., Ribeiro, J., & Erzini, K. (2010). Life history of the common pandora, Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Actinopterygii: Sparidae) from southern Portugal. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 58, 233-245. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592010000300006

    Crec’hriou, R., Neveu, R., & Lenfant, P. (2012). Length-weight relationship of main commercial fishes from the French Catalan coast. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 28(5), 861-862. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2012.02030.x

    D’Iglio, C., Albano, M., Famulari, S., Savoca, S., Panarello, G., Di Paola, D., Perdichizzi, A., Rinelli, P., Lanteri, G., Spanò, N., & Capillo, G. (2021). Intra-and interspecific variability among congeneric Pagellus otoliths. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 16315. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-95814-w

    Datta, S. N., Kaur, V. I., Dhawan, A., & Jassal, G. (2013). Estimation of length-weight relationship and condition factor of spotted snakehead Channa punctata (Bloch) under different feeding regimes. SpringerPlus, 2, 436. https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-2-436

    Espino, F., Triay-Portella, González, J. A., Haroun, R., & Tuya, F. (2016). Length-weight relationships of ten teleost fish species from seagrass meadows at the Canary Islands (North-eastern Atlantic). Cybium, 40(4), 323-325.

    Fassatoui, C., Hmida, L., Jenhani, A. B. R., & Romdhane, S. (2019). Length-weight relationship and growth parameters of the commercial fish Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Actinopterygii: Sparidae) from northern and southern Tunisia. Biological Letters, 54(1), 3-11. https://doi.org/10.2478/biolet-2019-0001

    Filiz, H., & Bilge, G. (2004). Length-weight relationships of 24 fish species from the North Aegean Sea, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 20(5), 431-432. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2004.00582.x

    Fisher, W., Schenieder, M., & Bauchot, M. L. (1987). Fiches FAO d’identification des espèces Méditerranée et Mer Noire. Vol. II, pp 762-1529. FAO.

    Froese, R. (2006). Cube law, condition factor and weight length relationships: History, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22(4), 241-253. https://doi.org10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00805.x

    Froese, R. (1998). Length-weight relationships for 18 less-studied fish species. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 14(1-2), 117-118. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.1998.tb00626.x

    Fulton, T. W. (1904). The rate of growth of fishes. Twenty-second Annual Report, Part III. Fisheries Board of Scotland, Edinburgh, pp. 141-241.

    Ghailen, H., Abdallah, H., Hassan, A., Mourad, C., Abderrahmen, B., & Othman, J. (2010). Length-weight relationships for 13 fish species from the Gulf of Gabes (Southern Tunisia, Central Mediterranean). African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(37), 6177-6181.

    Giacalone, V. M., D’Anna, G., Badalamenti, F., & Pipitone, C. (2010). Weight-length relationships and condition factor trends for thirty-eight fish species in trawled and untrawled areas off the coast of northern Sicily (central Mediterranean Sea). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 26, 954-957. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2010.01491.x

    Girardin, M. (1981). Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) et Boops boops (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pisces, Sparidae) du Golfe du Lion. Ecobiologie-Prises commerciales et modèles de gestion [PhD thesis, University of Montpellier]. (in French)

    Girardin, M., & Quignard, J.-P. (1985). Croissance de Pagellus erythrinus (Pisces: Teleosteen, Sparidae) dam le Golf de Lion. Cybium, 9(4), 359-374.

    Gökçe, G., Aydın, İ., & Metin, C. (2007). Length–weight relationships of 7 fish species from the North Aegean Sea, Turkey. International Journal of Natural and Engineering Sciences, 1, 51-52.

    Gökçe, G., Çekiç, M., & Filiz, H. (2010). Length-weight relationships of marine fishes off Yumurtalık coast Iskenderun Bay, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 34(1), 101-104. https://doi.org/10.3906/zoo-0905-33

    Gönülal, O. (2017). Length-weight relationships of 16 fish species from deep water of Northern Aegean Sea (500-900 m). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 17(5), 995-1002. https://doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v17_5_14

    Gülşahin, A., & Soykan, O. (2017). Catch composition, length-weight relationship and discard ratios of commercial longline fishery in the Eastern Mediterranean. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 58(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.21411/CBM.A.B3268672

    Gurkan, Ş., Bayhan, B., Akcinar, S. C., & Taskavak, E. (2010). Length-weight relationship of fish from shallow waters of Candarli Bay (North Aegean Sea, Turkey). Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 42(4), 495-498.

    Gürkan, Ş., Taşkavak, E., Akçinar, S. C., Akalin, S., Taylan, B., Filiz, H., & Ulutürk, E. (2013). Nearshore fish community along the Akmermer coasts in Çandarlı Bay (Northern Aegean Sea, Turkey). Review of Hydrobiology, 6(2), 103-119.

    Hossain, M. Y., Ahmed, Z. F., Leunda, P. M., Jasmine, S., Oscoz, J., Miranda, R., & Ohtomi, J. (2006). Condition, length-weight and length-length relationships of the Asian striped catfish Mystus vittatus (Bloch, 1794) (Siluriformes: Bagridae) in the Mathabhanga River, southwestern Bangladesh. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22(4), 304-307. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00803.x

    Hoşsucu, B., & Türker-Çakır, D. (2003). Some parameters about population biology of the common pandora (Pagellus erythrinus L., 1758) (Sparidae) in the Edremit Bay (Turkey). E.U. Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences, 20(3-4), 329-336.

    İlkyaz, A., Metin, G., Soykan, O., & Kinacigil, H. (2008). Length-weight relationship of 62 fish species from the Central Aegean Sea, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 24(6), 699-702. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2008.01167.x

    Ismen, A., Ozen, O., Altinagac, U., Ozekinci, U., & Ayaz, A. (2007). Weight-length relationships of 63 fish species in Saros Bay, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23(6), 707-708. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2007.00872.x

    Joksimovic, A. (2001). Growth of pandora, Pagellus erythrinus in Montenegrin shelf (South Adriatic) [Oral presentation]. 36th Congress Commision Internationale pour l’Exploration Scientifique de la mer Mediterranee, CIESM, Monte-Carlo, Monaco.

    Jukic, S., & Arneri, E. (1984). Distribution of hake (Merluccius merluccius L.), red mullet (Mullus barbatus L.) and pandora (Pagellus erythrinus L.) in the Adriatic Sea. FAO Fisheries Report, 290, 85-91.

    Kale, S., Altin, A., Ayyildiz, H., & Ozen, O. (2015). Spatial distribution modelling of juvenile common pandora (Pagellus erythrinus Linnaeus, 1758) in relation to habitat in the shallow waters of Gökçeada using GIS [Oral presentation]. 7th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies in Agriculture, Food and Environment, Kavala, Greece.

    Kapiris, K., & Klaoudatos, D. (2011). Length-weight relationships for 21 fish species caught in the Argolikos Gulf (central Aegean Sea, eastern Mediterranean). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 35(5), 717-723.

    Kara, A., Acarli, D., Ilkyaz, A. T., & Babaoglu, A. O. (2020). Length-weight and length-length relations for 21 fish species caught in Izmir Bay. Acta Adriatica, 61(2), 197-204. https://doi.org/10.32582/aa.61.2.8

    Kara, A., Sağlam, C., Acarli, D., Cengiz, O. (2018). Length-weight relationships for 48 fish species of the Gediz estuary, in İzmir Bay (Central Aegean Sea, Turkey). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 98(4), 879-884. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315416001879

    Karachle, P. K., & Stergiou, K. I. (2008). Length-length and length-weight relationships of several fish species from the North Aegean Sea (Greece). Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki, 10, 149-157.

    Karakulak, F. S., Erk, H., Bilgin, B. (2006). Length-weight relationships for 47 coastal fish species from the northern Aegean Sea. Turkey Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22(4), 274-278. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00736.x

    Klaoudatos, S. D., & Klaoudatos, D. S. (2004). Brood stock formation of the hermaphrodite finfish species Pagellus erythrinus (common Pandora) from fish reared in captivity. Mediterranean Marine Science, 5, 187-198. https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.224

    Lamprakis, M. K., Kallianiotis, A. A., Montopoulos, D. K., & Stergion, K. I. (2003). Weight-length relationships of fishes discarded by trawlers in the North Aegean Sea. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 33(2), 145-152.

    Le Cren, E. D. (1951). The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). Journal of Animal Ecology, 20(2), 201-219. https://doi.org/10.2307/1540

    Livadas, R. J. (1989). A study of the biology and population dynamics of pandora (Pagellus erythrinus, L., 1758), family Sparidea in the Seas of Cyprus. FAO Fisheries Report, 412, 58-75.

    Lteif, M., Jemaa, S., Mouwad, R., Khalaf, G., Lelli, S., & Fakhri, M. (2020). Population biology of the common pandora, Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) along the Lebanese coast, Eastern Mediterranean. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 46, 57-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2020.01.002

    Mehanna, S. F., & Farouk, A. E. (2021). Length-weight relationship of 60 fish species from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, Egypt (GFCM-GSA 26). Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, 625422. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.625422

    Mehanna, S. F., & Fattouh, S. (2009). Fisheries management of the common pandora Pagellus erythrinus in the Egyptian Mediterranean waters. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 35(3), 345-354.

    Metin, G., Ilkyaz, A. T., Soykan, O., & Kinacigil, H. T. (2011). Biological characteristics of the common pandora, Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758), in the central Aegean Sea. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 35, 307-315. https://doi.org/10.3906/zoo-0904-4

    Miled-Fathalli, N., Hamed, O., & Chakroun-Marzouk, N. (2019). Length-weight relationships of 22 commercial fish species from the Gulf of Tunis (Central Mediterranean Sea). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 60, 541-546. https://doi.org/10.21411/CBM.A.101E94A

    Moutopoulos, D. K., & Stergiou, K. I. (2002). Length-weight and length-length relationships of fish species from the Aegean Sea (Greece). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 18(3), 200-203. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0426.2002.00281.x

    Muchlisin, Z. A., Musman, M., & Siti Azizah, M. N. (2010). Length-weight relationships and condition factors of two threatened fishes, Rasbora tawarensis and Poropuntius tawarensis, endemic to Lake Laut Tawar, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 26(6), 949-953. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2010.01524.x

    Neves Santos, M., Monteiro, C. C., & Erzini, K. (1995). Aspects of the biology and gillnet selectivity of the axillary seabream (Pagellus acarne, Risso) and common pandora (Pagellus erythrinus, Linnaeus) from the Algarve (south Portugal). Fisheries Research, 23(3-4), 223-236. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-7836(94)00354-Y

    Özaydin, O. (1997). Ege Denizi’nde yaşayan bazı Sparid (Pisces, Sparidae) türlerinin biyolojisi ve beslenme rejimi üzerine araştırmalar. [PhD thesis, Dokuz Eylül University]. (in Turkish)

    Özaydın, O., & Taskavak, E. (2006). Length-weight relationships for 47 fish species from Izmir Bay eastern Aegean Sea, Turkey. Acta Adriatica, 47(2), 211-216.

    Özaydın, O., Uçkun, D., Akalın, S., Leblebici, S., & Tosunoğlu, Z. (2007). Length-weight relationships of fishes captured from İzmir Bay, Central Aegean Sea. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23(6), 695-696. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2007.00853.x

    Özvarol, Y. (2014). Length-weight relationships of 14 fish species from the Gulf of Antalya northeastern Mediterranean Sea, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 38(3), 342-346. https://doi.org/10.3906/zoo-1308-44

    Pajuelo, J. G., & Lorenzo, J. M. (1998). Population biology of the common pandora Pagellus erythrinus (Pisces: Sparidae) off the Canary Islands. Fisheries Research, 36, 75-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(98)00110-6

    Papaconstantinou, C., Mytilineou, C., & Panos, T. (1988). Aspects of the life history and fishery of red pandora, Pagellus erythrinus (Sparidae) off western Greece. Cybium, 12, 267-280.

    Pauly, D. (1993). Fishbyte Section Editorial. Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly, 16, 26.

    Petrakis, G., & Stergiou, K. I. (1995). Weight-length relationships for 33 fish species in Greek waters. Fisheries Research, 21, 465-469. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-7836(94)00294-7

    Radkhah, A., & Eagderi, S. (2015). Length-weight relationship and condition factor of mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) in three inland basins of Iran. Poeciliid Research, 5(1), 39-43.

    Ricker, W. E. (1975). Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 191, 1-382.

    Sangun, L., Akamca, E., & Akar, M. (2007). Weight-length relationships for 39 fish species from the north-eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 7(1), 37-40.

    Santos, M. N., Monteiro, C. C., & Erzini, K., (1995). Aspects of the biology and gillnet selectivity of the axillary seabream (Pagellus acarne, Risso) and common pandora (Pagellus erythrinus, L.) from the Algarve (south Portugal). Fisheries Research, 23, 223-236.

    Saoudi, H., Saoudi, A. Mimar, C. E., & Aoun, L. (2017). Analysis of hermaphroditism in Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) fished in the Gulf of Annaba, Algeria, Mediterranean Sea. AACL Bioflux 10, 1330-1341.

    Soldo, A. (2020). Length-weight relationships for the fifty littoral and coastal marine fish species from the Eastern Adriatic Sea. Acta Adriatica, 61(2), 205-210. https://doi.org/10.32582/aa.61.2.9

    Soykan, O., Akgül, Ş. A., & Kınacıgil, H. T. (2016). Catch composition and some other aspects of bottom trawl fishery in Sığacık Bay, central Aegean Sea, Eastern Mediterranean. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 32(3), 542-554. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13042

    Soykan, O., Bakır, K., & Kınacıgil, H. T. (2019). Demersal trawl discards with spatial and bathymetric emphasis in the Turkish coast of the Aegean Sea. Marine Biology Research, 15(1), 113-123. https://doi.org/10.1080/17451000.2019.1576902

    Soykan, O., & Kinacigil, H. T. (2021). Length-weight relationship of some discarded fish species with emphasis on length at maturity from the Central Aegean Sea, Turkey. Thalassas, 37, 505-511. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41208-021-00291-7

    Stergiou, K. I., & Moutopoulos, K. (2001). A review of length weight relationship of fishes from Greek Marine waters. Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly, 24(1-2), 23-39.

    Tarkan, A. S., Gaygusuz, Ö., Acipinar, P., Gürsoy, C., & Özulug, M. (2006). Length-weight relationship of fishes from the Marmara region (NW-Turkey). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22(4), 271-273. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00711.x

    Türker-Çakır, D., Torcu-Koc, H., Basusta, A., & Basusta, N. (2008). Length-weight relationships of 24 fish species from Edremit Bay Aegean Sea. e-Journal of New World Scientific Academy National Applied Science, 3, 47-51.

    Uyan, A., Turan, C., Gurlek, M., & Yaglioglu, D. (2020). Genetic and bio-ecologic characteristics of common pandora Pagellus erythrinus from the eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey for the ecosystem-based fishery management. Genetics of Aquatic Organisms, 4(1), 29-37. https://doi.org/10.4194/2459-1831-v4_1_03

    Weatherley, A. H. (1979). Growth and ecology of fish population (2nd ed.). Academic Press Inc.

    Whitehead, P. J. P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C., Nielsen, J., & Tortonese, E. (1986). Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Volume 3. UNESCO.

    Wootton, R. J. (1990). Ecology of teleost fish. Chapman and Hall.

    Yapıcı, S., & Filiz, H. (2019). Biological aspects of two coexisting indigenous and non-indigenous fish species in the Aegean Sea: Pagellus erythrinus vs. Nemipterus randalli. Mediterranean Marine Science, 20(3), 594-602. https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.19658

    Zamani-Faradonbe M., Eagderi S., & Shahbazi-Naserabad S. (2015). Length-weight relationships and condition factor of three fish species from Taleghan River (Alborz Province, Iran). Journal of Advanced Botany and Zoology, 2(3), 1-3.

    Zar, J. H. (1984). Biostatistical analysis (2nd ed.). Prentice-Hall, Inc.

    Zarrad, R., Cherif, M., Gharbi, H., Jarboui, O., & Missaoui, H. (2010). Reproductive cycle and sex reversal of Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Gulf of Tunis (central Mediterranean). Le Bulletin de l’Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la mer Salammbô, 37, 13-20.

    Zei, M., & Županovic, S. (1961). Contribution to the sexual cycle and sex reversal in Pagellus erythrinus, L. Rapp. p.-v. Rèun (Monaco), 16(2), 263-267.