|  e-ISSN: 2791-7169

Review article | Journal of Biometry Studies 2021, Vol. 1(1) 26-34

A review on the relationship between the fish length and otolith biometry

Yiğit TAŞTAN, Adem Yavuz SÖNMEZ

pp. 26 - 34   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/JofBS.2021.348.06   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2106-14-0005.R1

Published online: June 29, 2021  |   Number of Views: 288  |  Number of Download: 567


In teleosts, biometric parameters of certain bony structures are used for the age and/or size determination of the fish. Otolith is perhaps the most widely used of these bony structures. There are numerous studies which have shown that otolith biometry is positively and strongly correlated with fish size. In this paper, some recent studies that investigate the relationship between otolith biometry and fish length are summarized. It is possible to estimate fish size and/or age by knowing this relationship. This information can be useful, especially when it is not possible to sample a certain portion of a fish population. Besides, otoliths found in archaeological excavation sites or in the stomachs of predators can provide information about the fish they belong to. These data are useful to taxonomists, paleobiologists, and researchers studying the nutritional biology of predators.

Keywords: Back-calculation, Biometry, Fish size, Otolith, Relationship

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
TASTAN, Y. & SONMEZ, A.Y. (2021). A review on the relationship between the fish length and otolith biometry . Journal of Biometry Studies, 1(1), 26-34. doi: 10.29329/JofBS.2021.348.06

TASTAN, Y. and SONMEZ, A. (2021). A review on the relationship between the fish length and otolith biometry . Journal of Biometry Studies, 1(1), pp. 26-34.

Chicago 16th edition
TASTAN, Yigit and Adem Yavuz SONMEZ (2021). "A review on the relationship between the fish length and otolith biometry ". Journal of Biometry Studies 1 (1):26-34. doi:10.29329/JofBS.2021.348.06.

  1. Acarli, D., Kara, A., & Bayhan, B. (2014). Length-Weight Relations for 29 Fish Species from Homa Lagoon, Aegean Sea, Turkey. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 44(3), 249–257. https://doi.org/10.3750/AIP2014.44.3.09 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  2. Aguilar-Perera, A., & Quijano-Puerto, L. (2016). Relations between Fish Length to Weight, and Otolith Length and Weight, of the Lionfish Pterois volitans in the Parque Nacional Arrecife Alacranes, Southern Gulf of Mexico. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía, 51(2), 469–474. https://doi.org/10.4067/s0718-19572016000200025 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  3. Alagöz Ergüden, S. (2021). Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Freshwater Blenny Salaria fluviatilis (Asso, 1801) in Asi River (Hatay, Turkey). Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 10(1), 54-61. https://doi.org/10.33714/masteb.782384 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  4. Alagöz Ergüden, S., Ayas, D., & Ergüden, D. (2020). The Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Yellowspotted Puffer Torquigener flavimaculosus Hardy & Randall, 1983 in the Eastern Mediterranean (Yumurtalık Bight, Turkey). Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 9(2), 87-91. https://doi.org/10.33714/masteb.700374 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  5. Altin, A., & Ayyildiz, H. (2017). Relationships between Total Length and Otolith Measurements for 36 Fish Species from Gökçeada Island, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 34(1), 136–141. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13509 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  6. Altin, A., Ayyildiz, H., Kale, S., & Alver, C. (2015). Length-Weight Relationships of Forty-nine Fish Species from Shallow Waters of Gökçeada Island, Northern Aegean Sea Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 39(5), 971-975. https://doi.org/10.3906/zoo-1412-15 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  7. Aneesh Kumar, K. V., Nikki, R., Oxona, K., Hashim, M., & Sudhakar, M. (2017). Relationships between Fish and Otolith Size of Nine Deep‐sea Fishes from the Andaman and Nicobar Waters, North Indian Ocean. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 33(6), 1187-1195. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13467 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  8. Assis, D. A. S., Santos, J. D. A., de Moraes, L. E., & Santos, A. C. D. A. (2018). Biometric Relation between Body Size and Otolith Size of Seven Commercial Fish Species of the South‐western Atlantic. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 34(5), 1176-1179. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13744 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  9. Avigliano, E., Rolón, M. E., Rosso, J. J., Mabragaña, E. & Volpedo, A. (2018). Using Otolith Morphometry for the Identification of Three Sympatric and Morphologically Similar Species of Astyanax from the Atlantic Rain Forest (Argentina). Environmental Biology of Fishes, 101, 1319-1328. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0779-2 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  10. Avşar, D. (2005). Balıkçılık biyolojisi ve populasyon dinamiği. Nobel Kitapevi. (in Turkish) [Google Scholar]
  11. Aydın, M., & Bodur, B. (2021). Morphologic Characteristics and Length-Weight Relationships of Sciaena umbra (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Black Sea Coast. Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 10(1), 8-15. https://doi.org/10.33714/masteb.738661 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  12. Aydın, R., M. Calta, D. Sen, & M.Z. Coban. (2004). Relationships between Fish Lengths and Otolith Length in the Population of Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843) Inhabiting Keban Dam Lake. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 7(9), 1550-1553. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2004.1550.1553 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  13. Bal, H. (2021). Length-Weight Relationship, Sex Ratio and Condition Factor of Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) from the Sea of Marmara, Turkey. Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 10(1), 99-105. https://doi.org/10.33714/masteb.832250 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  14. Bal, H., Yanık, T., & Türker, D. (2018). Relationships between Total Length and Otolith Size of Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) in the Marmara Sea of Turkey. Natural and Engineering Sciences, 3(1), 38-44. https://doi.org/10.28978/nesciences.379319 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  15. Balon, E. K. (1981). Saltatory Processes and Altricial to Precocial Forms in the Ontogeny of Fishes. American Zoologist, 21, 573-596. https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/21.2.573 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  16. Bani, A., Poursaeid, S. & Tuset, V. M. (2013). Comparative Morphology of the Sagittal Otolith in Three Species of South Caspian Gobies. Journal of Fish Biology, 82(4), 1321-1332. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12073 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  17. Bartlett, J. R., Randerson, P. F., Williams R., Ellis, D. M. (1984). The Use of Analysis of Covariance in the Back-calculation of Growth in Fish. Journal of Fish Biology, 24, 201-213. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1984.tb04791.x [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  18. Basusta, A., Bal, H., & Aslan, E. (2013a). Otolith Biometry-Total Length Relationships in the Population of Hazar Bleak, Alburnus heckeli (Battalgil, 1943) Inhabiting Lake Hazar, Elazig, Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 45(4), 1180-1182. [Google Scholar]
  19. Başusta, A., Çetinkaya, B., & Başusta, N. (2020). The Relationships between Fish Size and Otolith Dimensions in the Common Sole (Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758)) Captured in the Northeastern Mediterranean. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 36(6), 888-892. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.14137 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  20. Başusta, A., Özer, E. İ., & Girgin, H. (2013b). Munzur Nehri’ndeki Kırmızı Benekli Alabalığın (Salmo trutta macrostigma (Dummeril, 1858)) Otolit Boyutları-Balık Boyu Arasındaki İlişki. Journal of FisheriesSciences.com, 7(1), 22-29. (in Turkish) https://doi.org/10.3153/jfscom.2013003 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  21. Başusta, A., Özer, E. İ., & Girgin, H. (2013c). Akdeniz’deki Lepidotrigla dieuzeidei (Blanc & Hureau, 1973) Populasyonunda Otolit Biyometrisi-Balık Uzunluğu Arasındaki İlişki. Yunus Araştırma Bülteni, 3, 3-9. (in Turkish) https://doi.org/10.17693/yunusae.v2013i21904.235412 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  22. Bhakta, D., Das, S. K., Das, B. K., Behera, S., & Nagesh, T. S. (2020). Relationship between Otolith Morphometry and Fish Size of Otolithoides pama (Hamilton, 1822) from Hooghly-Matlah Estuary, India. Indian Journal of Geo Marine Sciences, 49(10), 1636-1642. https://doi.org/10.32387/IJGMS.2020.34.3-4.10 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  23. Bilge, G., & Filiz, H. (2018). Otolith Biometry of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus, 1758) from the Southern Aegean Sea. Natural and Engineering Sciences, 3(3), 259-264. https://doi.org/10.28978/nesciences.468665 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  24. Bilge, G., & Gülşahin, A. (2014). Relationship between Sagittal Otolith Size and Fish Size in Argentina sphyraena and Glossanodon leioglossus (Osteichthyes: Argentinidae) in the Southern Aegean Sea, Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East, 60(1), 24-28. https://doi.org/10.1080/09397140.2014.892327 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  25. Bobori, D.C., Tsikliras, A.C., & Economidis, N. I. (2006). Some Morphological and Biological Characteristics of Fishes from Tavropos Reservoir (Western Greece). Folia Zoologica, 55(2), 199-210. [Google Scholar]
  26. Bostancı, D. & Yedier, S. (2018). Discrimination of Invasive Fish Atherina boyeri (Pisces: Atherinidae) Populations by Evaluating the Performance of Otolith Morphometrics in Several Lentic Habitats. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 27(6), 4493-4501. [Google Scholar]
  27. Bostancı, D. (2005). Bafra Balık Gölü ve Eğirdir Gölü’nde yaşayan balık populasyonlarında opak birikim analizi ile yaş doğrulaması [PhD dissertation, Ondokuz Mayıs University]. (in Turkish) [Google Scholar]
  28. Bostancı, D., İlhan D. U., & Akalın S., (2012). Küçük Pisi Balığı, Arnoglossus laterna (Walbaum, 1792)’nın Otolit Özellikleri. Karadeniz Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 6, 1-10. (in Turkish) [Google Scholar]
  29. Bostancı, D., Polat, N., Kurucu, G., Yedier, S., Kontaş, S. & Darçin, M. (2015). Using Otolith Shape and Morphometry to Identify Four Alburnus Species (A. chalcoides, A. escherichii, A. mossulensis and A. tarichi) in Turkish Inland Waters. Journal of Applied Ichtyyology, 31, 1013-1022. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.12860 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  30. Bostancı, D., Yedier, S., Kontaş, S., Kurucu, G., & Polat, N. (2017). Regional Variation of Relationship between Total Length and Otolith Sizes in the Three Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810 Populations, Turkey. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 34(1), 11-16. https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.1.02 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  31. Bostancı, D., Yılmaz, S., & Polat, N. (2007). Gölhisar Gölü (Burdur)'ndeki Kızılkanat (Scardinius erythrophthalmus Linnaeus, 1758) Populasyonunda Yaş Belirleme, Boy-Ağırlık İlişkisi ve Kondüsyon Faktörü Üzerine Bir Araştırma. Türk Sucul Yaşam Dergisi, 5(8), 99-107. (in Turkish) [Google Scholar]
  32. Britton, J. R., & Shepherd, J. S. (2005). Biometric Data to Facilitate the Diet Reconstruction of Piscivorous Fauna. Folia Zoologica, 54(1-2), 193-200. [Google Scholar]
  33. Campana, S. E. (2004). Photographic Atlas of Fish Otoliths of the Nortwest Atlantic Ocean. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 133. https://doi.org/10.1139/9780660191089 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  34. Campana, S. E., & Casselman, J. M. (1993). Stock Discrimination Using Otolith Shape Analysis. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 50(5), 1062- 1083. https://doi.org/10.1139/f93-123 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  35. Campana, S. E., Secor, D. H., & Dean, J. M. (1995). Recent developments in fish otolith research. University of South Carolina Press. [Google Scholar]
  36. Cardinale, M., Arrhenius, F. & Johnsson, B. (2000). Potential Use of Otolith Weight for the Determination of Age-Structure of Baltic Cod (Gadus morhua) and Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa). Fisheries Research, 45, 239-252. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(99)00122-8 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  37. Cardoso, L. G., Santos, S., & Haimovici, M. (2012). Differences in the Otoliths Support the Distinction of the Genus Macrodon into Two Species in the South-western Atlantic Ocean. Marine Biodiversity Records, 5. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755267212000802 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  38. Chanthran, S. S. D., Lim, P. E., Poong, S. W., Du, J., & Loh, K. H. (2021). Relationships between Sagittal Otolith Size and Body Size of Terapon jarbua (Teleostei, Terapontidae) in Malaysian Waters. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 39(1), 372-381. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-019-9193-7 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  39. Copp, G. H., & Kovac, V. (2003). Biometric Relationships between Body Size and Bone Lengths in Fish Prey of the Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra: Chub Leuciscus cephalus and Perch Perca fluviatilis. Folia Zoologica, 52(1), 109-112. [Google Scholar]
  40. Daban, İ. B., İhsanoğlu, M. A., & İşmen, A. (2020). Relationships between Body Size-Otolith Size for Seven Demersal Fish Species from the Marmara Sea, Turkey. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 37(3), 1-1. https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.3.09 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  41. Deepa, K. P., Kumar, K. A., Kottnis, O., Nikki, R., Bineesh, K. K., Hashim, M., Saravanane, N. & Sudhakar, M. (2019). Population Variations of Opal Fish, Bembrops caudimacula Steindachner, 1876 from Arabian Sea and Andaman Sea: Evidence from Otolith Morphometry. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 25, 100466. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsma.2018.100466 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  42. Doğan, Y., & Şen, D. (2017). Keban Baraj Gölü’nde Yaşayan Capoeta trutta (Heckel, 1843)’da Otolit Biyometrisi-Balık Boyu Ilişkisi. Fırat Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 29(2), 33-38. (in Turkish) [Google Scholar]
  43. Duncan, K.W. (1980). On the Back-calculation of Fish Lengths; Modifications and Extensions to the Frasier-Lee Equation. Journal of Fish Biology, 16, 725-730. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1980.tb03751.x [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  44. Düşükcan, M. (2018). Özlüce Baraj Gölü’ndeki Capoeta trutta (Heckel, 1843) Populasyonunda Balık Boyu-Otolit Biyometrisi İlişkisi. Türk Tarım-Gıda Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 6(6), 764-769. (in Turkish) https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v6i6.764-769.1911 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  45. Düşükcan, M., Çalta, M., & Eroğlu, M. (2015). Keban Baraj Gölü’nde Yaşayan Barbus grypus Heckel, 1843’de Otolit Biyometrisi-Balık Boyu Ilişkisi (Elazığ, Türkiye). Yunus Araştırma Bülteni, 15(3). (in Turkish) https://doi.org/10.17693/yunusae.v15i21957.235772 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  46. Echeverria, T. W. (1987). Relationship of Otolith Length to Total Length in Rockfishes from Northern and Central California. Fishery Bultein, 85(2), 383-386. [Google Scholar]
  47. Ekingen, G. (1983). Su ürünleri ve balıkçılık. Fırat Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Yayınları. (in Turkish) [Google Scholar]
  48. Emre, N. (2019). Biometric Relation between Asteriscus Otolith Size and Fish Total Length of Seven Cyprinid Fish Species from Inland Waters of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 20(3), 171-175. https://doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v20_3_01 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  49. Ergüden, D., & Alagöz Ergüden, S. (2013). İskenderun Körfezi’ndeki Karagöz İstavrit Trachurus trachurus (Linnaeus, 1758)’in Otolit Özellikleri ve Boy-Ağırlık İlişkileri. Su ürünleri Dergisi, 28(2), 133-148. (in Turkish) [Google Scholar]
  50. Eroğlu, M., & Şen, D. (2009). Otolith Size-Total Length Relationship in Spiny Eel, Mastacembelus mastacembalus (Banks & Solander, 1794) Inhabiting in Karakaya Dam Lake. Journal of FisheriesSciences.com, 3(4), 342-351. https://doi.org/10.3153/jfscom.2009039 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  51. Ghanbarzadeh, M., Soofiani, N. M., Keivany, Y., & Taghavi-Motlagh, S. A. (2014). Use of Otolith Length and Weight in Age Estimations of the Kingsoldier Bream, Argyrops spinifer, in the Persian Gulf. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology, 1(1), 1-6. [Google Scholar]
  52. Kanjuh, T., Mrdak, D., Piria, M., Tomljanović, T., Joksimović, A., Talevski, T., & Milošević, D. (2018). Relationships of Otolith Dimension with Body Length of European Eel Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) from Adriatic Catchment of Montenegro. Acta Adriatica: International Journal of Marine Sciences, 59(1), 91-96. https://doi.org/10.32582/aa.59.1.7 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  53. Kara, A., Acarli, D., İlkyaz, A. T., & Babaoğlu, A. Ö. (2020). Length-Weight and Length-Length Relations for 21 Fish Species Caught in Izmir Bay. Acta Adriatica: International Journal of Marine Sciences, 61(2), 197-204. https://doi.org/10.32582/aa.61.2.8 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  54. Kara, A., Saglam, C., Acarli, D., & Cengiz, Ö. (2018). Length-Weight Relationships for 48 Fish Species of the Gediz Estuary, in Izmir Bay (Central Aegean Sea, Turkey). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 98(4), 879.-884. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315416001879 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  55. Miller, G.L., & Nelson, R. (1974). Goldeye, Hiodon alosoides, in Lake Oahe: Abundance, age, growth, maturity, food and the fishery, 1963-69. Technical Papers of the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. United States Department of the Interior Fish of Fish and Wildlife Service. [Google Scholar]
  56. Munk, K. M., & Smikrud, K. (2002). Relationships of otolith size to fish size and otolith ages for yelloweye Sebastes ruberrimus and quillback S. maliger rockfishes. Alaska department of fish and game division of commercial fisheries mark, tag, and age lab. [Google Scholar]
  57. Nelson, W. R. (1974). Age, growth, and maturity of thirteen species of fish from Lake Oahe during the early years of impoundment, 1963-68. Technical Papers of the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. [Google Scholar]
  58. Oliveira, R. R. D. S., Andrade, M. C., Machado, F. S., Cunha, É. J. S., Freitas, F. S. D., Klautau, A. G. C. D. M., ... & Saint-Paul, U. (2019). Biometric Relationships between Body Size and Otolith Size in 15 Demersal Marine Fish Species from the Northern Brazilian Coast. Acta Amazonica, 49(4), 299-306. https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-4392201900571 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  59. Onay, H. (2021). Length-Weight Relationships of Four Symphodus Species (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Labridae) from Eastern Black Sea (Turkey). Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 10(3), 228-233. https://doi.org/10.33714/masteb.824561 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  60. Onay, H., & Dalgıç, G. (2021). Length-Weight Relationships for Fourteen Fish Species Collected by Bottom Trawl from the Eastern Black Sea Coast, Turkey. Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, (In press). https://doi.org/10.33714/masteb.881256 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  61. Özdemir, S., Özsandıkçı, U., & Büyükdeveci, F. (2019). A New Maximum Length with Length–Weight Relationship of Tub Gurnard (Chelidonichthys lucerna Linnaeus, 1758) from Central Black Sea Coasts of Turkey. Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 8(2), 85-91. https://doi.org/10.33714/masteb.641702 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  62. Özpiçak, M., Saygın, S., Aydın, A., Hançer, E., Yılmaz, S., & Polat, N. (2018). Otolith Shape Analyses of Squalius cephalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae) Inhabiting Four Inland Water Bodies of the Middle Black Sea Region, Turkey. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology, 5(4), 293-302. https://doi.org/10.22034/iji.v5i4.311 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  63. Park, J. M., Gaston, T. F., Riedel, R., & Williamson, J. E. (2018). Biometric Relationships between Body and Otolith Measurements in Nine Demersal Fishes from North‐eastern Tasmanian Waters, Australia. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 34(4), 801-805. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13612 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  64. Pawson, M. G. (1990). Using Otolith Weight to Age Fish. Journal of Fish Biology, 36, 521-531. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1990.tb03554.x [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  65. Quist, M. C., & Isermann, D. A. (2017). Age and growth of fishes: principles and techniques. American Fisheries Society. [Google Scholar]
  66. Rani, A., Rai, D., & Tyor, A. K. (2019). Morphometrics Analysis of Sagitta Otolith in Pool Barb, Puntius sophore (Hamilton, 1822). Journal of Morphological Sciences, 36(2), 85-90. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1683911 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  67. Reis, İ. (2020). Length-Weight Relationships of 12 Fish Species from the Köyceğiz Lagoon, Turkey. Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 9(2), 136-144. https://doi.org/10.33714/masteb.722480 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  68. Samsun, N. & Samsun, S. (2006). Kalkan (Scophthalmus maeoticus Pallas, 1811) Balığının Otolit Yapısı, Yaş ve Balık Uzunluğu-Otolit Uzunluğu Ilişkilerinin Belirlenmesi. Fırat Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 18(2), 181- 187. (in Turkish) [Google Scholar]
  69. Santos, R. S., Costa, M. R., & Araújo, F. G. (2017). Age and Growth of the White Croaker Micropogonias furnieri (Perciformes: Sciaenidae) in a Coastal Area of Southeastern Brazilian Bight. Neotropical Ichthyology, 15(1), e160131. https://doi:10.1590/1982-0224-20160131 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  70. Schulz-Mirbach, T., & Plath, M. (2012). All Good Things Come in Threes–species Delimitation through Shape Analysis of Saccular, Lagenar and Utricular Otoliths. Marine and Freshwater Research, 63(10), 934-940. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF12132 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  71. Schulz-Mirbach, T., & Reichenbacher, B. (2006). Reconstruction of Oligocene and Neogene Freshwater Fish Faunas-An Actualistic Study on Cypriniform Otoliths. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 51(2), 283-304. [Google Scholar]
  72. Secor D. H., Dean, J. M., & Laban, E. H. (1992). Otolith microstructure examination and analysis. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 117, Canada. [Google Scholar]
  73. Şen, D., & Aydın, R. (2001). Keban Baraj Gölü’nde Yaşayan Acanthobrama marmid Heckel, 1843’ün Geri Hesaplama Metodu İle Uzunluklarının Belirlenmesi. G.Ü. Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 21(1), 47-51. (in Turkish) [Google Scholar]
  74. Sen, D., Aydin, R., & Calta, M. (2001). Relationships between Fish Length and Otolith Length in the Population of Capoeta capoeta umbla (Heckel, 1843) Inhabiting Hazar Lake, Elazig, Turkey. Fisheries & Aquatic Life, 9(2), 267-272. [Google Scholar]
  75. Şenbahar, A. M., Güleç, Ö., Tosunoğlu, Z., & Özaydın, O. (2020). Length-Weight Relationship of the Most Landed Pelagic Fish Species European Pilchard (Sardina pilchardus Walbaum, 1792) and European Anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus Linnaeus, 1758) in the Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea, Turkey) Purse Seine Fishery. Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 9(1), 32-37. https://doi.org/10.33714/masteb.673318 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  76. Şimşek, C., Polat, N., Özpiçak, M., Saygın, S., & Yılmaz, S. (2019). The Relationships Between Otolith Dimensions-Total Length and Otolith Features of European Perch (Perca fluviatilis L., 1758) Sampled from Yedikır Dam Lake (Turkey). Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 4(3), 348-353. https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.594985 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  77. Song, J., Zhao, B., Liu, J., Cao, L., & Dou, S. (2019). Comparative Study of Otolith and Sulcus Morphology for Stock Discrimination of Yellow Drum along the Chinese Coast. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 37, 1430-1439. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-019-8056-6 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  78. Souza, G. M. D., Tubino, R. D. A., Monteiro-Neto, C., & Costa, M. R. D. (2019). Relationships between Fish and Otolith Dimensions of Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) (Perciformes: Pomatomidae) in Southeastern Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 17(1), e180032. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-0224-20180032 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  79. Starostka, V.J., & Nelson, W.R. (1974). Age, growth, sexual maturity, and food of channel catfish in Central Lake Oahe, 1968-69. Technical Papers of the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. United States Department of The Interior Fish and wildlife Service, Washington, USA. [Google Scholar]
  80. Tanyolaç, J. (1979). Age and Growth of Carp, Cyprinus carpio L. in Lake Eymir, Ankara. Communications de la Faculte des Sciences de I’ Universite d’Ankara Serie C3: Zoologie, 1-12. [Google Scholar]
  81. Tarkan, A. S., Gaygusuz, C. G., Gaygusuz, 0., & Aclpmar, H. (2007). Use of Bone and Otolith Measures for Size-Estimation of Fish in Predator-Prey Studies. Folia Zoologica, 56(3), 328-336. [Google Scholar]
  82. Teksar, C. K. (2018). Keban Baraj Gölü’nde yaşayan bazı sazan türlerinde geri hesaplama yöntemiyle balık boyunun tahmini [Master’s thesis, Fırat University]. (in Turkish) [Google Scholar]
  83. Tuset, V. M., Lombarte, A., & Assis, A. A. (2008). Otolith Atlas for the Western Mediterranean, North and Central Eastern Atlantic. Scientia Marina, 72(1), 7198. https://doi:10.3989/scimar.2008.72s17 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  84. Viva, C., Sartor, P., Bertolini, D., De Ranieri, S., & Ligas, A. (2015). Relationship of Otolith Length to Fish Total Length in Six Demersal Species from the NW Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31(5), 973-974. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.12838 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  85. Więcaszek, B., Sobecka, E., Keszka, S., Panicz, R., Górecka, K., Linowska, A., & Król, S. (2019). Three New Records of Fishes and Their Parasite Fauna from Pomeranian Bay, Baltic Sea. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 49(1), 65-73. https://doi.org/10.3750/  AIEP/02392 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  86. Wright, P. J., Panfili, J., Morales-Nin, B., & Geffen, A. J. (2002). Types of calcified structures. A. Otoliths. In J. Panfili, H. Pontual, H. Troadec, & P. J., Wright (Eds.), Manual of Fish Sclerochronology (pp. 31–57). Ifremer. [Google Scholar]
  87. Yazicioglu, O., Polat, N., & Yilmaz, S. (2018). Feeding Biology of Pike, Esox lucius L., 1758 Inhabiting Lake Ladik, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18(10), 1215-1226. https://doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v18_10_08 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  88. Yazıcıoğlu, O., Yılmaz, S., Yazıcı, R., Erbaşaran, M., & Polat, N. (2016). Feeding Ecology and Prey Selection of European Perch, Perca fluviatilis Inhabiting a Eutrophic Lake in Northern Turkey. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 31(4), 641-651. https://doi.org/10.1080/02705060.2016.1220432 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  89. Yılmaz, S., Yazıcıoğlu, O., Yazıcı, R., & Polat, N. (2015). Relationships Between Fish Length and Otolith Size for Five Cyprinid Species from Lake Ladik, Samsun, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 39(3), 438-446. https://doi.org/10.3906/zoo-1403-58 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  90. Zan, X. X., Zhang, C., Xu, B. D., & Zhang, C. L. (2015). Relationships between Fish Size and Otolith Measurements for 33 Fish Species Caught by Bottom Trawl in Haizhou Bay, China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31(3), 544-548. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.12751 [Google Scholar] [Crossref]